Madagascar’s capital city, Antananarivo, has a population of around 1.6 million, and is growing at about 3.5% per year. A significant proportion of the population lives below the poverty line.

Best estimates are that 1 million out of the city’s 1.6 million population have inadequate water and sanitation services and suffer the effects of poor hygiene. Alongside infrastructure and delivery improvements the project will build the capacity of both local and municipal service providers to sustain the enhanced services over time.

Some of our key activities in the first four years have been:

  • The development of a revolving fund to enable potential customers to purchase toilet improvements. Over 50% of clients have used this mechanism, and the repayment rate has been an outstanding 100%.
  • CBOs have been supported on their marketing strategy for convincing users to purchase slabs for latrine upgrading. The strategy is the subject of this blog post, and has been replicated elsewhere in the world, through its great success.
  • 12 institutions have started or completed the processes of becoming WASH-friendly – these schools and churches spread hygiene messages and celebrate days such as the global Hand-Washing Day.
  • 21 water kiosks have been built, reaching around 17,000 low-income consumers.
  • 3 WASH blocks have also been raised, impacting around 5,000 people.
  • Through the sanitation marketing, a total of 1,804 sanitation products have been sold, meaning around 9,000 people have received improved sanitation.
  • A CBO-run solid-waste collection service has been initiated, with around 3,000 households (15,000 people) connected up to the service.

In total, to the end of the fourth implementation year, almost 90,000 lives in Antananarivo have been improved through ACF.