The programme in Kumasi was finalised in October 2014 in preparation for the ACF programme closing.
Kumasi, the second largest city in Ghana, is located in the south-central part of the country and has a population of about 2.5 million. Because of its strategic location, Kumasi has a large transient and immigrant population from rural areas of Ghana and from other countries in West Africa.
It is the fastest growing city in Ghana and there is a growing concern about environmental degradation due to poor sanitation and pollution of waterways. More than 900,000 people lack access to safe drinking water and nearly 1.5 million people lack access to improved sanitation facilities.
More than 70% of residents of the target communities use about 9% of their monthly income to purchase water from private vendors. With the improved provision of water supply by the project, the residents will have a more reliable water supply and spend less than 5% of their income on water.
More than 77% of residents do not have access to improved sanitation. These residents currently walk an average of about 600 meters to community toilets, which are in very poor conditions. The project will provide access to affordable community toilet facilities that are sustainably managed and provide full cost recovery for operation and maintenance.
Some of the key activities implemented by ACF are:
- A management model to improve WASH provision was developed. This model involves the service provider, the municipality and a community management committee and embraces alternative approaches to service delivery. It is described in a Topic Brief which can be found here. See also this post on this blog.
- A report was produced into the legal mandates and the institutional gaps in WASH delivery. A slideshow on this report can be found here.
- The service provider, Ghana Water Company Limited (GWCL), has accepted the idea of establishing a pro-poor unit as part of its operations.
- A clean-up campaign was initiated by the Community Management Committee (CMC), itself a product of the ACF programme, to do a regular cleaning up and hygienic improvement in the area.
- A water supply system designed for 7,000 people’s usage was designed and built.
- A public latrine block is serving around 800 people.
- Hygiene awareness has reached at least 18,000 people with key messages about hand-washing, as well as targeting food vendors and using religious and social groups to get across the message in powerful ways.
- Another water system was built in Fiapre-Sunyani to the benefit of 5,400 people.
- A city-wide sanitation strategy has been developed with KMA.
- 2 school WASH blocks were built (see here).
In total, over 73,000 lives were touched by the project.