Work in Nairobi under ACF finished in September 2014, preparing for the finalisation of the ACF programme.
The Nairobi project is providing sustainable and affordable water and sanitation to the residents of informal settlements in Nairobi. Services are hampered by the lack of a formal lay out. There are no formal roads along which pipes can be structured and access is difficult.
There are many legal customers in the informal settlements, but the Water Companies ability to visit houses and read meters to ensure good service is limited in many places. There are also a large amount of water losses through leaks and illegal connections. Land tenure issues also make it difficult to enable sanitation improvements for tenants.
Some of the highlights achieved to date:
- Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company (NCWSC) now has an Informal Settlements Department (ISD) specifically devoted to enabling access for low-income consumers.
- Learning visits of NCWSC staff to Brazil and Uganda have enabled them to observe different technologies and service delivery models, considering them for application in Nairobi.
- A Non-Revenue Water (NRW) programme enabled NRW reduction by around 20% in one informal settlement. This has led to further programmes elsewhere in Nairobi, and a citywide strategy. NRW reduction can enable informal settlements to be seen as more financially viable.
- Three water kiosks provide water to up to 1,500 people and a water leakage team are improving access hours for another 3,500.
- 218 compound latrines built, meaning that almost 17,000 are benefiting from improved sanitation. These are able to be connected to a 2.5km sewer pipeline which was also implemented by ACF.
- The School of Five hygiene promotion, in partnership with Unilever, has reached 135,000 school children in Nairobi, as well as many more throughout Kenya.
- KARA Community-Based Organisation (CBO) have been supported with business training and equipment to enable them to scale up and offer a good faecal sludge removal service in Kibera, with improved access to 40,000 residents.
A total of over 318,000 benefited through Nairobi’s ACF progamme, and these are just a selection of the activities which have taken place.